A Global History of Trade and Conflict since 1500 by Francine McKenzie Lucia Coppolaro

By Francine McKenzie Lucia Coppolaro

This e-book explains the explanations and effects of the intersection of 2 transformative international forces - exchange and clash - considering 1500. The 9 historic case reports - interspersed over 500 years and spanning the globe - make a massive historic contribution to the long-lasting debate approximately no matter if alternate makes peace much more likely.

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That summer, the Portuguese commander Martim Affonso asked the authorities in Canton for permission to unload cargo to supply the diplomatic mission. They referred the request to Beijing, and the response was negative. The Ministry of Rites hardened its position, charging the Portuguese with espionage (which was true) and advising that the grand defender and grand coordinator in Canton ‘be ordered by imperial edict to drive them away quickly so that they do not enter the borders’. The Ministry of War proved slightly more accommodating, if only because it had to come up with a practical solution.

335–95, made the same point with respect to the Napoleonic Wars, although he also noted that conflicts created new opportunities. 5.  449–50. 6. For example, Oneal and Russett (1997); and Oneal and Russett (1999). Pevehouse (2003), p. ’ 7. The literature on political science is nicely summarized in Barbieri and Levy (1999), pp. 463–4. 8. Angell (1910). 9.  41. 10.  471. , p. 474). 11. Hegre et al.  771. 12.  471–7. 13.  22. 14.  22. 15. Hegre et al. (2010) note the lopsided nature of academic study, although even when they take this into account they continue to find that trade has a pacifying effect.

This revision was partially derailed in the following decade, allowing Europeans to tell a very different story about China’s hostility to trade, which has obscured not only the actual history of the period but the general ‘premodernity’ of trade that prevailed across the sixteenth-century globe. The principal source on which this chapter relies is the internal summary of daily court deliberations known as the Veritable Record. Every reign had its own, compiled after the death of the emperor on the basis of the court diary.

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