A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, by James M. Woods

By James M. Woods

“In a masterful survey of study on Catholicism within the South, Woods has performed for that sector what James Hennesey did for the Catholic Church within the usa in American Catholics.”—Gerald P. Fogarty, collage of Virginia


“This is a e-book we've got lengthy wanted. during the last 4 many years the historical past of the evangelical culture within the South has been came upon and masses written approximately, however the Catholic size of southern spiritual historical past has lagged in the back of within the historiography. eventually here's a synthesis of virtually 3 centuries of the Catholic Church within the region.”—John B. Boles, Rice University


No Christian denomination has had an extended or extra assorted life within the American South than the Catholic Church. The Spanish missions proven in Florida and Texas promoted Catholicism. Catholicism was once the dominant faith one of the French who settled in Louisiana. ahead of the inflow of Irish immigrants within the 1840s, such a lot American Catholics lived south of the Mason-Dixon line. Anti-Catholic prejudice used to be by no means as powerful within the South as within the North or Midwest and used to be infrequent within the quarter earlier than the 20 th century.
    James Woods’s sweeping historical past stretches from the 1st eu payment of the continent in the course of the finish of the Spanish-American conflict. The publication is split into 3 unique sections: the colonial period, the early Republic in the course of the annexation of Texas in 1845, and the stormy latter 1/2 the 19th century. Woods can pay specific awareness to church/state kin, project paintings and spiritual orders, the church and slavery, immigration to the South, and the adventure of Catholicism in a mostly Protestant quarter. He additionally highlights the contributions and careers of definite vital southern Catholics, either clerical and lay, and considers how the various Catholic ethnic and racial teams have expressed their faith—and their citizenship—through the centuries.

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Franciscan friar Alonso de Benavides interviewed Sr. María on April 30, 1631, in her convent, and recorded that Sr. ”4 After this interview, Fr. Benavides asked her to write down her testimony and sign it, which she did. She later stated that after 1631 these bilocations ceased, and she did not know why. Nevertheless, Fr. ”5 Sr. María de Jesús lived for over three more decades. Before her death, she claimed that she continued to receive private revelations; these were set down in a three-volume work published in Spain in 1670.

By 1600 St. Augustine had a population of just over five hundred men, women, and children, with twenty-seven slaves. 77 On March 15, 1606, Bishop Juan de las Cabezas de Altamirano of Santiago became the first Catholic prelate to visit the future United States. His visit lasted three months as he traveled in northern Florida as far west as Gainesville and the Georgia sea islands. 78 Diocesan clergy ministered within the town at St. Augustine. By 1646 there were three priests present—a pastor, an assistant, and a military chaplain.

Augustine and Castillo de San Marcos, a town and fortress the British had never captured. St. Marks and Pensacola came as part of the bargain. On July 20, 1763, a shocked citizenry of 3,096 watched helplessly as British redcoats paraded through St. Augustine’s plaza. Given the opportunity to leave, the vast majority did so, as these Spanish Catholics refused to live in a British/Protestant colony. Departing also were 80 Catholic Indians from east Florida, who were resettled in Cuba, and 108 Catholic Indians from west Florida, who went to 30 d part i.

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