A Paradigm Lost: The linguistic thought of Mikołaj by Joanna Radwanska-Williams

By Joanna Radwanska-Williams

The overall concept of language of Mikołaj Kruszweski (1851-1887) is, this publication argues, a “lost paradigm” within the heritage of linguistics. the concept that of 'paradigm' is known in a commonly construed Kuhnian experience, and its applicability to linguistics as a technology is tested. it's argued that Kruszewski's idea was once a covert paradigm in that his significant paintings, Ocerk nauki o jazyke ('An define of the technology of Language', 1883), had the aptitude to be seminal within the background of linguistics, i.e. to accomplish the prestige of a 'classical text', or 'exemplar'. This power used to be now not discovered simply because Kruszewski's impression was once hindered by way of a variety of ancient elements, together with his early demise and the simultaneous consolidation of the Neogrammarian paradigm, with its emphasis on phonology and language swap. The publication examines the highbrow heritage of Kruszweski's suggestion, which was once rooted, partly, within the culture of British empiricism. It additionally discusses Kruszewski's courting to his instructor Jean Baudouin de Courtenay (1845-1929), his angle in the direction of the Neogrammarian move in linguistics, the ambivalent reception of his idea via his contemporaries, and the impact of his paintings at the linguistic conception of Roman Jakobson (1896-1982).

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A Paradigm Lost: The linguistic thought of Mikołaj Kruszewski

The final thought of language of Mikołaj Kruszweski (1851-1887) is, this booklet argues, a “lost paradigm” within the heritage of linguistics. the concept that of 'paradigm' is known in a largely construed Kuhnian experience, and its applicability to linguistics as a technological know-how is tested. it's argued that Kruszewski's thought used to be a covert paradigm in that his significant paintings, Ocerk nauki o jazyke ('An define of the technological know-how of Language', 1883), had the capability to be seminal within the historical past of linguistics, i.

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In fact, while Mill assumed the associationist model of the mind, he claimed that the theory of logic should ultimately be neutral with respect to the psychological account of reason (cf. McRae 1973:xli-xliii). , the method whereby one arrives at scientific knowledge. Thus, logic is con­ cerned with assuring the validity of the process of reasoning rather than with the account of the mental state which makes the process possible. Paradoxically, John Stuart Mill's theory was both a culmination of British empiricism and an attempt to reconcile the two epistemological traditions, empiricism and rationalism, by divorcing the problem of the scientific method from the psychological issues implicated in the account of reason.

59), not of linguistics proper. Consequently, it is a question on 34 A PARADIGM LOST which Baudouin was liable to vacillate in the future. Besides linguistic laws, of which he does not give a particular example, Baudouin speaks also of the forces operating in language. The epistemological status of forces is also abstract; Taws' and 'forces' are in several places paired as almost synonymous in the discussion. Insofar as a difference can be inferred, 'law' refers to the formalized statement of a generalization, which in the natural sciences would be given as a mathematical relationship (cf.

Stated that Baudouin had already established a new school of linguists coming out of the University of Kazan. The new journals of philological studies in Russia — Filologičeskie zapiski, founded by Aleksej Andreevič Xovanskij (1814-1899) in Voronež in 1861, and Russkij filologičeskij vestnik, founded by Mitrofan Alekseevič Kolosov (1832-1881) in Warsaw in 1879, published many studies by Baudouin and his students. In 1883, Baudouin together with several other Polish scholars, founded the journal Pracefilologiczne,which became a principal organ of linguistic research in Poland.

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