Action and Responsibility by Andrew Sneddon

By Andrew Sneddon

What makes an occasion count number as an motion? general solutions entice the best way the development was once produced: e.g., maybe an arm circulation is an motion while as a result of psychological states (in specific ways), yet no longer whilst brought on in alternative routes. Andrew Sneddon argues that this sort of solution, which he calls "productionism", is methodologically and considerably wrong. particularly, productionist solutions to this question are typically both individualistic or foundationalist, or either, with no particular defence. in its place, Sneddon deals an externalist, anti-foundationalist account of what makes an occasion count number as an motion, which he calls neo-ascriptivism, after the paintings of H.L.A. Hart. in particular, Sneddon argues that our practices of attributing ethical accountability to one another are a minimum of in part constitutive of occasions as activities.

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Nothing new is added or indicated by the introduction of the calling utterance to the matter. In descriptive calling, one acts like one has discovered something new about the situation at hand and is pointing out this feature with the declarative utterance. In Geach’s treatment, the calling at issue is descriptive, as if calling an event an ‘action’ points out something new about 44 It has been objected to me that the argument is not valid because P1' and P2' can each be true while Jones is guiltless of murder.

2 (April 1971), pp. 162-3). ASCRIPTIVISM DEFENDED 41 actions depends in part on aspects of the social context in which the event takes place. The reason is that the accordion-effect applies to causally-complex acts— those actions performed via teleologically related sub-acts. What does the stipulation of teleology amount to? Feinberg is not clear, but it is reasonable to think it involves at least two things: teleologically related acts are causally related and they are subject to descriptions not arbitrarily related.

223. 41 36 CHAPTER 3 be plagued by equivocation. Myles Brand provides the following example in his discussion of Geach’s objection: (i) If Jones’ firing the gun is an action, then he is guilty of murder. (ii) Jones’ firing of the gun is an action. 43 In the first premise, being an action is merely predicated of the event; in the second premise, it is asserted of the event. In Geach’s view, for the inference to go through, the predicative use of the term must be central to its use in the second premise.

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