By Guglielmo Cinque
One of many world's best syntacticians offers proof for finding Adverb words within the specifiers of certain sensible projections inside of a unique and good articulated concept of the clause. during this thought, either adverbs and heads, which encode the sensible notions of the clause, are ordered in a inflexible series. Cinques state of the art thought means that the constitution of common language sentences is far richer than formerly assumed.
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Additional info for Adverbs and Functional Heads: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
The relevant question is whether an AdvP can move from its "base generation" position to another (non wh-operator) position. Some genuine cases of this sort are reported to exist in the literature. For example, in French, though not in Italian, a number of "lower" AdvPs can apparently move from the "middle field" of (certain) embedded clauses to the "middle field" of the matrix clause (retaining the interpretation and scope of the trace). )47 (73) a. ' b. I1 (ne) faut rien que tu fasses. ' c. ' In this case, too, the AdvPs continue to satisfy the subcategorization requirements of the embedded predicate and retain in their derived position the interpretation associated with their "base" position:48 (74) a.
Per piu di una ragione. 'G. deserves it frankly/luckily/evidently/probably/perhaps/ . . ' Additional evidence for the conclusion that they indeed can form a constituent with the phrase following them is the fact that they can be fronted together under Focus Movement, or Clefting (see (128)) and the fact that they can intervene between a verb and a (light) object (see (129)), a possibility not open to "nonfocusing" adverbs (T. B. Ernst 1984, 111ff; 1991, 752ff; Rooth 1985) (see (130)):82 (128) a.
On uvijek vise ne pobjedjuje. uvijek 'always' > upravo 'just' (165) a. Kad god ga sretnem, on se uvijek upravo vraca iz grada. ' b. *Kad god ga sretnem, on se upravo uvijek vraca iz grada. ' upravo 'just' > gotovo 'almost' (166) a. Ja sam upravo gotovo pao. 'I have (lit. ' b. *Ja sam gotovo upravo pao. 'I have (lit. ' gotovo 'almost' > potpuno 'completely' (167) a. Ja sam ga gotovo potpuno zaboravio. ' b. *Ja sam ga potpuno gotovo zaboravio. ' potpuno 'completely' > dobro 'well' (168) a. ' b. *Dobro potpuno shvatam tvoje razloge za odbijanje te ponude.