Allies At War: America, Europe and the Crisis Over Iraq by Philip Gordon, Jeremy Shapiro

By Philip Gordon, Jeremy Shapiro

An intensive research of the place U.S./European family have long gone wrong--and how you can set them correct ALLIES AT conflict is the 1st and so much finished evaluate of what went fallacious among the United States and Europe in the course of the obstacle over Iraq and relies on broad interviews with policymakers within the usa and Europe. It places the predicament over Iraq in old context by way of interpreting US-Europe kin due to the fact international struggle II and indicates how the alliance generally controlled to beat its many inner problems and crises. It describes how the deep strategic ameliorations that emerged on the finish of the chilly struggle and the disputes over the Balkans and the center East throughout the Clinton years already had a few analysts wondering no matter if the Alliance may perhaps continue to exist. It exhibits how the Bush administration’s unilateral international relations and world-view helped deliver already simmering tensions to a boil, and describes extensive the occasions top as much as the Iraq problem of 2003. Gordon and Shapiro clarify how robust forces such emerging American energy and the September eleven terrorist assaults have made family among the United States and Europe more and more tricky. however the authors argue that the break up over Iraq was once no longer inevitable: it was once the results of inaccurate judgements and pointless provocations on each side. opposite to the traditional knowledge that says that the Iraq conflict signaled the powerful finish of the Atlantic Alliance, the authors warn that assuming the top of the Alliance may well quick turn into a self-fulfilling prophesy: leaving the us remoted, resented, and liable for bearing the burdens of preserving overseas protection principally by myself. in accordance with those that argue that the Atlantic Alliance is not any longer conceivable or worthwhile, ALLIES AT conflict demonstrates that even after Iraq, the USA and Europe can interact, and certainly needs to in the event that they desire to successfully deal with the main urgent difficulties of our age. The booklet makes concrete proposals for restoring transatlantic kinfolk and updating the alliance to fulfill new demanding situations like international terrorism and the transformation of an volatile heart East.

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S. demands to stop obstructing inspectors. In December 1998, Iraq’s continuing obstruction of the weapons inspectors finally led to the departure of the UN inspection mission from Iraq. Having failed to achieve consensus in the UN, the United States and Britain launched Operation Desert Fox—four days of air and missile strikes against targets deemed crucial to Saddam Hussein’s grip on power, and the largest attack against Iraq since the 1991 Gulf War. The air strikes failed to bring down Saddam’s regime, but they shattered even the pretense of international consensus on the issue of Iraq.

Clinton expended enormous efforts to win UN support for a tough line against Serbia. He managed in September 1999 to win passage of Resolution 1199, which declared the situation a “threat to international peace and security” and demanded specific actions by the Belgrade regime. When a specific UN mandate for the use of force proved impossible because of Russia’s threat to veto, Clinton then sought a mandate from the 19 democracies of the NATO alliance. Administration foreign policy officials and the President himself expended enormous efforts to convince reluctant NATO members—particularly Germany, Italy, and Greece—to support an alliance consensus.

But the end of the Cold War also raised real questions about the future of the alliance that was created to fight it. ” But that is precisely what happened, and it would be left to a new set of leaders to prove that the old partnership could be preserved. Learning to Live Without the Cold War As the 1990s began, the constraints on intra-alliance disagreement loosened significantly. Europe was no longer directly dependent for its security on the United States, and the key issues for American foreign policy now lay outside of Europe, where transatlantic security cooperation had always been most difficult.

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