Alternative Sweeteners, Third Edition, Revised and Expanded by Lyn O'Brien-Nabors

By Lyn O'Brien-Nabors

A survey of the large box of sucrose choices, detailing medical info, technical functions, and regulatory rankings for a big selection of sweeteners. It highlights the swap in prestige of saccharin, the elevated use of polyols, and the probabilities supplied via the supply of a number of replacement sweeteners and their makes use of together. This 3rd version comprises new chapters on neotame, tagatose, trehalose, erythritol, and aspartame-acesulfame salt.

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Potency) of aspartame has been determined to be 160 to 220 times the sweetness of sucrose (10, 11). Generally, an inverse relationship exists between the intensity of aspartame and the concentrations of sucrose being replaced. Overall, the relative sweetness of aspartame may vary depending on the flavor system, the pH, and the amount of sucrose or other sugars being replaced (10, 11, 15). IV. FOOD AND BEVERAGE APPLICATIONS Aspartame is approved for general use in foods (16), including carbonated soft drinks, powdered soft drinks, yogurt, hard candy, and confectionery.

Aspartame functions very well over a broad range of pH conditions but is most stable in the weak acidic range in which most foods exist—between pH 3 and 5. 0, but, because of the frozen state, the rate of reaction is dramatically reduced. And, because of the lower free moisture, the shelf-life stability of aspartame exceeds the predicted shelf-life stability of these products. C. 0% at 25°C) and is sparingly soluble in alcohol (10, 11). It is not soluble in fats or oils. An important consideration, especially for many products that are prepared by mixing aspartame- Aspartame Figure 2 Principal conversion products of aspartame.

Actual Intake On the basis of the results of the comprehensive safety studies in animals (17, 18), an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) of 40 mg/kg/day for aspartame was set by JECFA (3). On the basis of both animal and human data, the US FDA set an ADI for aspartame of 50 mg/kg body weight/day (19). The ADI represents the amount of a food additive that can be consumed daily for a lifetime with no ill effect (20–22). It is not a maximum amount that can be safely consumed on a given day. A person may occasionally consume a food additive in quantities exceeding the ADI without adverse effects.

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