Annual Review of Psychology Vol 58 2007 by Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

By Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

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For example, Martin et al. (1995) used property production to probe knowledge of object-associated colors and actions. , “pull” in response to a child’s wagon) or a color (“red” for the child’s wagon) associate. In both experiments, the type of information retrieved modulated activity in posterior temporal cortex. Relative to color word generation, action words elicited heightened activity in several brain regions, including a posterior region of the left lateral temporal cortex, centered on the middle temporal gyrus (pMTG) just anterior to the primary visual motion processing area, MT (Figure 1).

Org by Ball State University on 01/04/09. For personal use only. ANRV296-PS58-02 32 Martin ing that neural activity is limited to the occipital lobes when color perception was tested by passive viewing. However, when the task was made more demanding by requiring subjects to judge subtle differences in hue, activity associated with perceiving color now extended from occipital cortex into the fusiform gyrus in ventral temporal cortex. Using this attention-demanding task to evaluate color perception, and a verbal property verification task to assess property knowledge, Simmons and colleagues found that retrieving information about object color—but not object motion—did, in fact, activate the same region in the fusiform gyrus active when color is perceived (Simmons et al.

2006) addressed this possibility using property verification tasks. Answering written questions concerning object-associated visual, sound, touch, and taste properties activated regions involved in sensory processing in each of these modalities (Goldberg et al. 2006; see also Kellenbach et al. 2001). Overlap between the neural systems for representing motor action concepts and action production has also been observed. In perhaps the most impressive demonstration in support of this claim, Pulvermuller and colleagues showed that simply reading words denoting specific ANRV296-PS58-02 ARI 21 November 2006 17:57 tongue (lick), finger (pick), and leg (kick) actions activated regions in premotor cortex that were also active when subjects actually made tongue, finger, and leg movements, respectively (Hauk et al.

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